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Home Backyard Bird Guide America's Top Backyard Birds America's Top Backyard Birds - Western North America Rufous Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

Bird Food Preferences

Nectar

Bird Feeder Preferences

Nectar

Plants to Attract

Woody Plants: Honeysuckle and salmonberry; Non-woody Plants: Beard tongue, bee-flower, currant, fireweed, heath, horsemint, lily, mint, paintbrush, purple larkspur, red columbine, sage, scarlet gilia, snapdragon, and toadflax

Description

Rufous Hummingbirds can be found along the west coast of North America.  During the breeding season, they can be seen in the northwestern states and Canada.  From October to March, these hummingbirds can be seen in Mexico and along the Gulf of Mexico.  Rufous Hummingbirds are common in open areas, yards, and parks.  When measured by body size, Rufous Hummingbirds make one of the longest migratory journeys of any bird in the world.  The approximate 3,900 miles from Alaska to Mexico is equivalent to 78,470,000 body lengths of a Rufous Hummingbird!

Rufous Hummingbirds are on average three inches in length and weigh less than 0.2 ounces.  Males have orange backs and bellies with iridescent red throats.  Females have green backs with reddish-orange patches on their green tails and sometimes have orange spot on their throats.

The female starts building the nest within three days of arriving at the breeding grounds.  She creates the nest by herself and uses dandelions as the base, spider silk to hold the nest together, and lichen or moss for the outside covering.  Nests are placed 30 feet above the ground in drooping branches, and may be used again the following year.

Similar Species

Allen's Hummingbird, Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Calliope Hummingbird, and Ruby-throated Hummingbird

 

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